Raisi dominated the election only after a panel under the watch of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei disqualified his strongest competition.
The strikes came after Palestinian activists sent incendiary balloons into Israel for a third day.
The Democratic leader, who voted for the AUMF in 2002, warned that a future president could "use it as a justification for military adventurism."
The attack follows 11 days of Israeli airstrikes in May that destroyed Gaza, displacing families and killing hundreds of Palestinian civilians.
National security adviser Jake Sullivan acknowledged the president's gaffe hours later but not before it drew scrutiny from some viewers.
Naftali Bennett, a former ally of Netanyahu turned bitter rival, becomes prime minister.
"Just because you can legalize an evil act doesn’t make it any less evil," Mohammed el-Kurd, who was recently detained, told journalist Mehdi Hasan.
Reporters with the Associated Press and Al Jazeera were given just an hour to evacuate their offices before Israel bombed the building.
Ali Akbar Mohtashamipour, who survived a book bombing reportedly carried out by Israel, died at the age of 74.
The arrests of Muhammad and Muna al-Kurd come after the Israeli armed forces temporarily detained prominent Al Jazeera journalist Givara Budeiri.